Pomona College Magazine
Volume 44, No. 2
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Night Rite
The new on-campus Skyspace by James Turrell '65, titled "Dividing the Light," brings together people from all walks of life for a shared sundown ritual of watching the sky.

By Mark Kendall

In a gleaming new corner of Pomona’s campus awaits a surprising communal experience of craned necks, heavens-cast eyes and plentiful “oh’s.”

On crisp winter evenings, while the sun is going down, visitors from near and far gather on benches beneath a metal canopy that frames celebrated artist James Turrell ’65’s new window to the sky. As the natural light begins to dim, LED lights bathe the canopy in changing colors, from goldenrod to turquoise. And as the lighting changes, so does the viewer’s perception of that framed sheet of sky. One moment it’s a dreamy lavender, another it’s an ominous tablet of black that seems to hover above on its own accord.


Skyspace by James Turrell '65
   
Known as a Skyspace, this latest in Turrell’s series of light-and-space shrines attracts everyone from kissy young couples to sweater-encased seniors to kid-shushing parents and their frolicking offspring. Weekend evenings typically draw more than 30 people to the Skyspace, which serves as the centerpiece for Draper Courtyard of the new Lincoln and Edmunds buildings.

“Every time I’ve come it’s been almost full,” said Sharon Hightower, a Claremont woman who recently brought a dinner party of six to the Skyspace as a pre-meal surprise. The boisterous bunch, equipped with a Thermos of apple cider, wasn’t disappointed. “It’s a great experience,” said Janet Preston, one of her guests.

Many visitors come from Los Angeles and environs after hearing about the Skyspace in the media or through word of mouth. Those from out of state or overseas often are introduced to the Skyspace by family and friends who live in Claremont and are eager to show off the new art installation.

Local residents Subodh and DeEttra Mulay took in the experience with their bundled four-week-old daughter, Maya, and their chow-cocker spaniel mix, Taylor. If the reactions from the infant and the pooch were muted, the couple’s weren’t: “It was just so subtle and beautiful,” said DeEttra.

With the unfolding lighting effects comes plentiful color commentary, as witnessed on New Year’s Eve when Louise Kestenbaum of Claremont brought family members visiting from Minnesota and Northern California.

“Oh, look now it’s pink.”
“Look at that blue.”
“Now it’s like lavender.”
“Oh, look at that periwinkle color. Isn’t that beautiful?”
“Oh, now it’s purple.”

As the adults talk colors and light, a young boy interjects: “Oh, there’s an airplane!”

Kathleen Howe, director of the Pomona College Museum of Art, has noticed how separate groups of visitors—“distinct little pods of students, community people, staff, faculty, art junkies”—start talking with each other 15 to 20 minutes into the program.

“There’s something magical about being given permission and encouraged to just sit back and watch the sky for a while,” says Howe. “It seems to foster that kind of exchange that happens when you’re a kid lying on your back on a friend’s lawn.”

Then again, Howe adds that on other evenings, “it’s been a more boisterous crowd who applaud when the intense color changes happen at the end of the program.”


James Turrell '65 (far left) joins other guests for the sunset light effects during the dedication of his new Skyspace.
   
Repeat visitors may discover that just as interesting as watching the sky is the act of watching other people watch the sky. Peter Kass ’09 likes to study in a lounge next to the Skyspace, where he can still view the light show through the windows. He also has made quite a study of Skyspace visitors, noting that “it seems people from all walks of life are interested in this thing.

“The best part is the way some people watch it,” he said. “They look in awe, as if they’re watching a meteor shower or some once-in-lifetime opportunity. I don’t know what it is about the Skyspace, but people are amazed by it.”

So what is it about the Skyspace? Kerry Farmer, who considers Turrell “the most amazing artist working” today, has no trouble answering. “When you look at this, you’re not thinking about work, politics, the state of the world,’’ said Farmer, production manager for an L.A. theatre company. “It just kind of all goes away for a while.

“And it’s very optimistic … With everything else going on, there’s this kind of beauty. And it’s right over your head all the time. You just need someone like James Turrell to help you focus.”

Farmer’s thoughts on the Skyspace were affirmed on his second visit, when he brought along his mother, Lola Mydin of Whittier, who gushed: “It’s like magic.”

Turrell in His Own Words
ON THE SKYSPACE:
“I’m interested in this idea of how we color the sky. We like to think that we receive the color … that the sky has a certain color, it has a certain shape, when actually we award it this color and shape … It comes from the context of vision. It comes from how we perceive as creatures and also how we learn to receive and how we forget that we actually are doing that.”

ON LIGHT:
“We generally light things … Light is used to illuminate other things. I’m interested in the thingness of light, the revelation of light itself, that it be physically felt as manifested in space.”

— James Turrell ’65 at a symposium held on campus in October as part of the dedication of his new Skyspace

“Dividing the Light”
THE SKYSPACE EXPERIENCE: Found around the world, from England to Chicago to Japan, the Skyspaces of James Turrell ’65 are precisely designed architectural installations that heighten the viewer’s awareness of light, sky and the activity of perception.

POMONA’S SKYSPACE: Turrell has created an open courtyard space in which a floating metal canopy shades the seating area and provides a frame for the sky. As twilight gives way to night, lighting elements, which change in intensity and hue as they wash the underside of the canopy, create the changing perception of sky as space, form, object and void. “Dividing the Light” is the only publicly accessible Skyspace in Southern California.

WHERE: The new Skyspace is located in Draper Courtyard of the new Lincoln and Edmunds buildings, at the corner of Sixth Street and College Way.

WHEN: The lighting programs are keyed to sunset and sunrise. The evening program begins about 25 minutes before sunset and continues for about an hour. Another lighting program begins 100 minutes before sunrise. Between the sunset and sunrise programs the canopy of the Skyspace is illuminated. Every hour on the hour there is a three-minute chime of light. Groups of 10 or more must make arrangements with the Pomona College Museum of Art. (909-621-8283).

DONORS: Contributors who helped fund the Skyspace included Michael D. and Laura Kemper Fields, James M. Kemper, Jr., the David Woods Kemper Memorial Foundation, the William T. Kemper Foundation, Helen Pashgian ’56, Ronald Lee Fleming ’63 and James Corcoran.

AT THE MUSEUM: In honor of the new Skyspace, the Pomona College Museum of Art is presenting James Turrell at Pomona College, an exhibition uniting the various threads of Turrell’s artistic practice. The exhibition includes End Around, one of the artist’s Ganzfeld works; two LED Tall Glass works from 2006, Gathered Light and Silent Leading; and a selection of models and drawings. The exhibition continues through May 17.

THE PRESS: In the Los Angeles Times, David Pagel called the Skyspace “one of the best works of public art in recent memory.” He added: “For nearly 40 years, James Turrell has been making art out of little more than thin air—at least that’s how his indoor and outdoor installations feel when you give yourself over to their dazzling attractions. Think of his super-refined Minimalism as a spa for consciousness: an urbane oasis and thinking citizen’s entertainment center all rolled into one impeccably designed whole that is both elegant and spectacular.”
 

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