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Too Young to Run?: The Case for an Age Amendment to the US Constitution

Galey, Derek ('09);  Seery, John

I worked with Politics Professor John Seery on his upcoming publication arguing against constitutionally mandated age requirements for the holding of elected offices at the federal level—namely, the House of Representatives, the Senate, and the Presidency. My contributions included a revision of the manuscript looking at everything from typos to prospects for improved reasoning and convincingness. I went on to research requirements in other democracies around the world, which was interwoven as a vital component of the book and included as an appendix that I created. I also created an index, referencing and relating key people and concepts. I also aided professor Seery by reading recently published political theory books and offering feedback and suggestions about which are most suited to be taught and discussed in future courses.
Funding provided by: Pomona College SURP

The Private and Public Politics of Disability

Hamburg, Rachel ('10);  McWilliams, Susan

Prejudice and stereotypes about disability are engrained within society and within individuals. There is widespread ignorance about disability experiences, and our society often fails to understand how misconceptions about disability are harmful. Different understandings of disability are shaped by social and cultural context, as well as by an individual's personal experience. Its definition is inextricably connected to a society's conceptions of normalcy, ability, and the body. To combat disability stigmatization and oppression of people with disabilities and to understand how to accommodate the world's growing disabled population, it is important to understand how societies define, impact, and sustain disability as an inherently negative condition. By interviewing and shadowing individuals who address disability professionally or whose lives are affected by disability, I investigate the ethical, political, and social questions associated with disability in America and propose ways that we might reduce stigma and oppression through innovative and dynamic disability rights efforts.
Funding provided by: The Aubrey H. and Eileen J. Seed Award

Homer Cummings: Forgotten Political Entrepreneur

Levy, Scott ('10);  Crowe, Justin

With the death of its largest opponent, the Rules Enabling Act of 1934 seemed destined to become law. However, a closer evaluation reveals that the bill only succeeded as a result of the political entrepreneurship of Attorney General Homer Cummings. By exploiting his position as a moderate, garnering support from President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and by lobbying the House and Senate Judiciary Committees, Cummings was able to revive the bill in Congress, maintain the bill’s original form and have it signed within 90 days of its introduction. Had Arthur F Mullen or Felix Frankfurter, both alternative candidates for the job of Attorney General, been in power there is no guarantee that they would have either taken up the bill or had the political skill to successfully usher the bill through Congress.
Funding provided by: Pomona College SURP

Anti-Doping Legislation in the European Union: The End of a "Sporting Exception"?

McCulley, Kayla Dawn ('09);  Crighton, Elizabeth

In a publication from February 2007, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) identified doping as the chief problem facing modern sport. I researched recent developments in this arena within the European Union (EU). I hypothesized that because of the strong moral consensus among member states to fight doping, anti-doping legislation is evolving into an EU-level competency. My analysis focused on two documents in particular: the European Court of Justice decision in the Meca-Medina v. European Commission case in 2006 and the White Paper on Sport completed in July 2007. First, I conclude that while the moral consensus against doping supports transnational structures such as the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), the actual enforcement and testing measures will remain largely a national competency. Secondly, I find that the Meca-Medina ruling challenges the traditional legal exception for sports federations by adopting a case-by-case test to judge the legality of sporting rules under EU law.
Funding provided by: The Paul K. Richter and Evalyn E. Cook Richter Award

The Valley Trust and Its Relationship With Foreign Donors

Segil, Jeanne ('09);  Englebert, Pierre

Throughout six weeks of research at The Valley Trust (TVT), a Non-Profit Organization (NPO) in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, I investigated the tension between maintaining accountability to foreign donors and obtaining the necessary flexibility for local communities to direct their own development process. TVT has shifted its’ focus from a basic-needs approach to a holistic people-centered approach in order to empower communities, yet this shift results in complications with regards to donor relations. To ensure accountability, many donors require proposals detailing exactly how their money will be used. However changes in power dynamics and paradigm shifts are not easily quantifiable and hence do not fit neatly into donor proposals. As TVT negotiates a way in which it can live out its vision while also meeting the obligations of donors, staff members recognize the importance of increasing communication with donors in attempts to build an equal partnership.
Funding provided by: The Aubrey H. and Eileen J. Seed Award

Research at Pomona