Ilê Aiyê, the Escola Mãe Hilda, and Afrocentric Pedagogy
Marieh Scales (2014); Additional Collaborator(s): Edmilson Lopes das Neves (Ilê Aiyê); Mentor(s): Bill Calhoun (School for International Training)
Abstract: The focus of my research is to determine the success of community school Escola Mãe Hilda in the Liberdade community in promoting positive identity construction among the majority Afro-descendant student body, and how the geographical location of the school in a majority Afro-descendant community is a source for strength between Liberdade, Ilê Aiyê, and the terreiro Ilê Axé Jitolú. My problem statement is three-pronged, and is as follows (1) How does the Escola Mãe Hilda create curriculum to promote the ethnic identity of students? (2) What connections does the Escola Mãe Hilda have with Ilê Aiyê, Candomblé, and the Liberdade community and how do these ties affect the curriculum? Finally, (3) Does the Afrocentric history inclusion the Escola Mãe Hilda uses correspond to increased levels of self esteem and self-identity construction among the student body? Methods used to gather research were interviews, observations, and participation-observations. Participants included Directors and Coordinators of Ilê Aiyê and the extension projects under the Ilê Aiyê umbrella. The results show that the identity construction within the Escola Mãe Hilda is limited to the History courses that incorporate African history; however, the connection the Escola Mãe Hilda has to Ilê Aiyê, the Terreiro Ilê Axé Jitolú and Band’ Erê, a project under the Ilê Aiyê umbrella, supplements the opportunities for identity construction for the entire Liberdade community in a unique fashion.
Funding Provided by: Pomona College Study Abroad Office; School for International Training