Below are recent Summer Undergraduate Research Program (SURP) projects completed by students studying African Studies at Pomona College.
Origins of the Black Studies Department at the Claremont Colleges (1969)
Dray Denson ’20; Advisor: Maryan Soliman
This project focused on the origins of the Black Studies Center at the Claremont Colleges, which, in 1979, evolved into the Intercollegiate Department of Africana Studies and the Office of Black Student Affairs. Under the supervision of Professor Maryan Soliman [of Scripps College], researchers traced the department’s founding from the formation of the Black Students Union in the early 1960s to the foundation of the Black Studies Center in 1969. Researchers discovered a history punctuated by struggle for tangible, financial provisions and institutional recognition of Black identity. Black students organized amidst threats and bombings. Black students and faculty pushed for an autonomous center, where they could have courses that were relevant to their needs and experiences. The Black Studies Center was the hard-fought culmination of years of organizing, which involved the writing of demands, center proposals, sit-ins, and community-building. The purposes of the Black Studies project were to understand the becomings of the BSC and the departments that descended from it, and to stitch together the histories of Black student and faculty organizing, and Black self-determination within institutions. Researchers recorded oral histories from professors-emeriti, such as Dr. Agnes Jackson. Researchers also used archival materials from Emeritus Professor Sidney Lemelle, the Special Collections library in Honnold-Mudd, Denison Library, and OBSA, and literary publications in the Claremont area.
Funding Provided By: General SURP Fund
Examining Our Knowledge of Africa: Patterns in Scholarly Publications on Africa
Maggie Munts ’16; Mentor: Pierre Englebert; Collaborator: Denis Tull (German Institute for International and Security Affairs)
This research project seeks to identify patterns in the production of knowledge about Africa, focusing on Africanist and political science journals. This project dedicates specific focus to tracking the countries and various topics featured in these publications. In addition, we examine how countries and topics of study vary between Africanist and general political science journals. Ultimately, the goal of this research is to determine whether the inference we make about Africa is affected by case and topic selection. If such is the case, then conclusions about Africa as a whole may only be representative of trends specific to certain regions or countries of the continent.
Funding Provided By: Cion Estate
Ilê Aiyê, the Escola Mãe Hilda, and Afrocentric Pedagogy
Marieh Scales (2014); Additional Collaborator(s): Edmilson Lopes das Neves (Ilê Aiyê); Mentor(s): Bill Calhoun (School for International Training)
Abstract: The focus of my research is to determine the success of community school Escola Mãe Hilda in the Liberdade community in promoting positive identity construction among the majority Afro-descendant student body, and how the geographical location of the school in a majority Afro-descendant community is a source for strength between Liberdade, Ilê Aiyê, and the terreiro Ilê Axé Jitolú. My problem statement is three-pronged, and is as follows (1) How does the Escola Mãe Hilda create curriculum to promote the ethnic identity of students? (2) What connections does the Escola Mãe Hilda have with Ilê Aiyê, Candomblé, and the Liberdade community and how do these ties affect the curriculum? Finally, (3) Does the Afrocentric history inclusion the Escola Mãe Hilda uses correspond to increased levels of self esteem and self-identity construction among the student body? Methods used to gather research were interviews, observations, and participation-observations. Participants included Directors and Coordinators of Ilê Aiyê and the extension projects under the Ilê Aiyê umbrella. The results show that the identity construction within the Escola Mãe Hilda is limited to the History courses that incorporate African history; however, the connection the Escola Mãe Hilda has to Ilê Aiyê, the Terreiro Ilê Axé Jitolú and Band’ Erê, a project under the Ilê Aiyê umbrella, supplements the opportunities for identity construction for the entire Liberdade community in a unique fashion.
Funding Provided by: Pomona College Study Abroad Office; School for International Training