Sociology majors at Pomona can conduct an option original research project as a senior thesis, as well as apply for funding for other projects through the College's Summer Undergraduate Research Program. Below are recent completed summer projects by sociology students.

2017

Growing Up Foreign: The Vietnamese Post-1995 Generation’s “Frames” about the World

Peter Cha ’19; Advisor: Hung Thai

My project focuses on how the post-1995 generation of contemporary Vietnam construct their own "frames" about the world given that they are the generation born after Vietnam re-entered the global economy after a 20-year period economic suspension. For many young Vietnamese, their consumption of foreign commodities and their associations with foreigners heavily influences their understanding of Vietnam, the outside world and themselves. Many Vietnamese hold a deficient view of Vietnam informed by their knowledge of "better" entertainment, education, and living standards abroad. Others hold a more nuanced understanding of Vietnam, wary of being a Vietnamese who looks up to foreigners too much. Their complex views on Vietnam and the outside world are reflected in conflicted feelings about their futures in Vietnam. Now coming of age, this post-1995 cohort has deep curiosity and ambition to travel internationally that comes in conflict with their economic reality and ties to Vietnam. The post-1995 generation must reconcile their Vietnamese identity with their foreign taste as they come of age and look to their futures.
Funding Provided By: Cion Estate SURP Fund

Music and Social Permissibility

Semassa Boko ’18; Advisor: Joti Rockwell

This project consists of a literature review conducted to understand the myriad ways in which the landscape of music has been censored, shaped and promoted by societal agents with the power to influence taste and expression among citizens. These agents include dictators, government institutions, religious institutions, and traditional norms and mores. While there is much information available on the power of music as protest, less is understood about how structures of power navigate the line between repression and permissibility. The study included historical narratives as well as current scholarship in order to frame regional and thematic case studies involving music and social permissibility. This work provides a foundation for more specialized studies of the relationship between structures of power and freedom of music expression, as well as artistic expression more generally.
Funding Provided By: Aubrey H. & Eileen J. Seed Student Research Fund

The Impact of College Access Programs for First Generation, Low-Income, Underrepresented Students in Higher Education: Analyzing Student Experiences in PAYS as a Case Study of College Access Programs

Tania Partida ’19; Advisor: Gilda Ochoa

This study was designed to study the academic and personal impact of a college access program on low-income, first-generation, and underrepresented students in higher education. College access programs, such as PAYS (Pomona College Academy for Youth Success), are created to provide students from marginalized backgrounds with the resources to apply to college. I specifically analyzed the following aspects of their experience in PAYS: 1) their exposure to the opportunity of college as a path for social mobility and 2) their gain of cultural and social capital as future tools to navigate secondary schools and college. By conducting in-depth interviews with eleven PAYS alumni and observing several community spaces during the summer program, I examined the transformative experiences that provided former PAYS students with guidance to higher education. A recurring theme among all the interviews was that those who identified as first-generation began high school without the knowledge of applying to college and thus benefited from the mentorship from the PAYS staff and community. Also, the PAYS community provided the former PAYS students the space to explore their identity and become confident with their capacity to succeed academically. This preliminary research on college access programs demonstrates the positive influence of mentoring and community that is offered in college access programs for students of marginalized backgrounds.
Funding Provided By: Aubrey H. & Eileen J. Seed Student Research Fund

2015

Building Trust and Empowering Students: Centering Youth of Color in Art and Writing Classroom Spaces

Ester Cheung ’17; Mentor: Gilda Ochoa; Collaborator: Nahlee Lin ‘17

Many sociologists such as Nancy Lopez and Gilda Ochoa have demonstrated how mainstream schooling today often ignores and erases the experiences of youth of color resulting in disparate learning environments and educational outcomes. Our research team observed thirty-six low-income youth of color in a three-week arts and writing summer program to explore student-centered pedagogy, art, and writing as it facilitated their understandings of themselves and their communities. In ten interviews and three focus group sessions, students expressed feeling supported by the program’s emphases on anti-bullying, respect, and safe spaces, and they valued discussing their experiences and pertinent social issues with teachers and classmates they trusted. In their classes, art and writing were not only practical skills but also mediums through which students critically engaged with their lives. These sentiments reflected the program’s intentionality in drawing from the research of scholars like Tara Yosso and Paolo Freire to center students and their cultural wealth in an assets–based approach to teaching. We also examined how students’ prevailing understandings of difference manifest in ways that both perpetuate and resist dominant narratives of race and gender. Our findings have greater implications for addressing educational disparities and dominant discourses of achievement through art and writing in empowering and trusting classroom spaces for low-income youth of color.
Funding Provided By: Faucett (Cheung)

English in the Mekong Delta

Tom Trieu ’16; Mentor: Hung Thai

Since the “Open Door” economic reform of the 1980’s, Vietnam has undergone significant social, political, and even physical changes. One notable shift has been the rapid development of English language education throughout the country. Using participant observation at two English language centers and in-depth interviews with one case study, my project attempts to understand how young people in Vietnam interpret the significance of English education and what role English plays in the young generation’s global aspirations. With the job market becoming increasingly globalized, young people understand that acquiring skills and specific certificates in English are essential for getting high paying jobs in all fields. Many students also conceptualize English as vital for their dreams of living and studying in Western countries. My in-depth case study suggests that apart from credential acquisition, English and cultural exchange is significant because it provides significant elevation of cultural capital. Yet, this elevation is a contested experience, as negotiations must be made with the older generation’s criticisms about being to Westernized. In this sense, the rapid global shifts in Vietnamese society have raised a new issue of the maintenance of a Vietnamese identity in a country with an open door.
Funding Provided By: PBI

Generational Perspectives on Activism

Emily Hill ’16; Mentor: Heidi Haddad

How do different generations view activism and where do opportunities exist for intergenerational transmission of activist knowledge? I interviewed thirteen people between 14 and 85. Most participants felt activism could occur both at work and in everyday actions, although certain professions were more common than others--there were two teachers, two chaplains, and three social workers. Most people over 60 were involved in the civil rights movement and anti-Vietnam protests, two movements which younger participants (who were most often involved in LGBT equality and the environmental movement) cited as very influential. Older participants often said that younger activists provided the inspiration to continue their work. Some apparent differences were actually superficial - while younger people were more comfortable with language about intersectionality, the older generation had an experiential understanding that justice issues overlap. There was, however, a distinct difference in the mindset of the generations that demonstrates how activism is evolving - participants said past movements were led by charismatic leaders, while the current generation places greater emphasis on community work and facilitating instead of directing. Because of the interest in earlier movements displayed by the younger activists and the older generation’s almost universal emphasis on relationships, it is unsurprising that most participants said they would like to see more intergenerational work.
Funding Provided By: Faucett

Living in High Cotton: How Second-Generation Chinese Americans Living in the South Pick their Friends

Mia Hahn ’16; Mentor: Hung Thai

The majority of Asian American studies are based in large metropolitan areas that consist of either ethnic enclaves or sizable Asian American populations. As such, little research has been conducted in the Southern region of the United States where Asian Americans comprise 3.3 percent of the population in comparison to the 6.2 or 11.1 percent in the Northeastern and Western regions of the United States, respectively (2010 US Census Bureau). Interviews and participant observation conducted in a mid-sized metropolitan area in the South reveal how the coming-of-age experience for second-generation Chinese Americans is defined by a heightened sense of feeling like a minority, a lack of racial discourse beyond the historical black-white binary and model minority stereotype, and a balancing act between Chinese, American, and Southern values. As they transition into adulthood, they either settle in educated or diverse spaces or they simply leave the South. While recent events reveal that historic black-white racial tensions persist throughout the nation, second-generation Chinese Americans living in the South have built their own spaces to observe, engage in, or ignore these racial conflicts.
Funding Provided By: Seed

Out and Private: Understanding LGBT Czechs’ Experiences of Community in Prague

Cleo Spencer ’16; Mentor: Colin Beck

Theoretical understandings of LGBT identity and the role community plays in LGBT people’s lives have disproportionality been based on the experiences of LGBT Americans. In contrast, this research focuses on the experiences of LGBT people living in Prague, Czech Republic to demonstrate the limitations of universalized narratives of LGBT identity and community. Extended interviews with twenty respondents, analyzed through grounded theory, explore how norms surrounding private and public life in Prague influence LGBT Czechs’ interpretations of and engagements with LGBT community. This influence can be categorized by the respondents’ understandings of LGBT identity, activism, and needs. These findings suggest the consideration of historical and contemporary national climate is essential to understanding Czech LGBT identities. This climate encourages Czech activists to employ innovative approaches in generating support as they work to fulfill LGBT needs and priorities.
Funding Provided By: Cion Estate

Telling Stories of Gender and Sexuality

Kimberly Rojas Hernandez; Mentor: Gilda Ochoa

Academics and policy makers have recently created efforts to address the experiences of boys and men of color in school, such as President Obama’s My Brother’s Keeper. However, studies have placed little attention on the raced-gendered experiences of women of color, which may lead to a misconception that they are not influenced by the messages they receive (Ochoa 2015). This exploratory project reviewed current literature on Latinas, gender, and sexuality and employed qualitative methods to begin a large-scale project that will begin to fill these gaps. Our methodology focused on centering stories that are often untold because of an assumed private, almost taboo, topic. We conducted in-depth interviews on the messages that Latinas receive/d from family members, peers, schools, and the media. Latinas of all ages were asked about being a woman, the role of sports, menstruation, sex education, body image, and more. Using a feminist approach, we challenged the ideas of research as a solitary process by creating a team of research assistants and critically reflecting through weekly discussions and written papers about the topics. Sociological works revealed that Latinas may experience tension between virginity emphasized in the home and media constructions of “Latinas as sexy” (Rojas 2004). Interviews suggest that households and schools remain largely silent about these topics, leading young women to friends, books, and the Internet to understand their bodies.
Funding Provided By: Seed

Youth Empowerment through Writing and Arts Education

Na Eon (Esther) Park ’17; Mentor: Laurie Cameron; Collaborator: Esther Cheung ‘17

How are narratives, collaboration, and the arts connected? How do the arts empower youth? How does improving arts accessibility further artistic progress, and what happens when art invades an elite space? Inspired by these questions, the Weekly Writing Workshop's inaugural Arts & Writing Summer Program launched in the summer of 2015. This program was a socially engaged arts project asking how engaging in interdisciplinary, collaborative, and diversified art forms can empower youth and enhance the arts. For three weeks, 36 students from the Inland Empire entering grades 5-9 participated in writing and arts classes led by expert advisors. Program participants came from low-income families of color. Students worked in small workshop settings to create written, visual and performance art pieces, which they presented at a final showcase at Rose Hills Theatre at Pomona College. On this evening, students shared their creative accomplishments and reflections on the program with their families, friends and the public. The pursuit of more equitable representation was central to the goals of this project, which was inspired by the belief that in order to advance the arts, we must constantly explore the unseen and the untold, for these are the arenas of bold, innovative creative developments. Program workshops were centered on promoting diversity in writing and art by equipping students to skillfully showcase their lives, families and communities.
Funding Provided By: Mellon Elemental Arts & NEH (Park), Faucett (Cheung)

Teaching Mime: Exploring the Body as a Dramatic Instrument

Elvia Espinoza ’16; Mentor: Thomas Leabhart

I spent four weeks in Europe as a teaching assistant for three of Professor Thomas Leabhart’s workshops in Corporeal Mime. Corporeal Mime is a theatre movement technique that focuses on isolating movement of different body parts to create dramatic intrigue. My role as teaching assistant was to help demonstrate and teach proper positioning for the technique, facilitate independent research of students in the workshop, and, in Spain, translate for both students and Professor Leabhart. In addition to my time in the workshops, I also explored local museums and attended several plays to find connections to the Corporeal Mime technique in the local art scene. Through my personal practice, I was able to explore the way in which dramatic elements such as weight and resistance can be employed to allow the actor to become a screen upon which the audience can project their own interpretations. In assisting the students of the workshop to learn the technique and pursue their own “still-moving research”—an exercise in identifying isolated movements of quotidian actions—I found valuable images to assist with positioning and practical memorization techniques to use during individual research. I will apply my new knowledge of the technique throughout my senior thesis project for the theatre department this fall, for part of which I plan to use Corporeal Mime to encourage high school students to consider the relationship between actor, movement, and audience.
Funding Provided By: Cion Estate

2014

Prisms of Existence: An Investigation of Social Identities in Musical Performance

Danielle Davis (2014); Mentor(s): Hung Thai

Abstract: People identified as black are mostly studied in the context of urban neighborhoods or assimilation into the white American culture, or they seem as a social problem to be solved within the economic opportunity structure of the country. Shifting the focus from the ‘oppositional cultures’ of African American cultural production, this study examines persons who create and perform music predominately associated with urban black culture as well as how they appropriate or engage in diverse forms of their social identities. The narratives of male and female Hip-Hop artists who reside in the Inland Empire are illuminated through observations and interviews. The research identifies and synthesizes how musical artists perfect their craft and examines the various identities that performers deploy in their life beyond the issue of race. Aside from making music, creating a family of their own is a top priority for many respondents. Thus, the level of effort put into musical practice and production correlates with the level of significance music has in their life in comparison to the priority of family life. For some artists, music serves as a passionate pastime and for others it is likened to the only child or an additional child within the family. Furthermore, the way a mother becomes territorial for the protection of her baby similarly compares to the dominant attitude female hip-hop artists must undertake for their craft in order to remain relevant and achieve the acclaim of their male counterparts.
Funding Provided by: Aubrey H. and Eileen J. Seed Student Research Fund

The Social Organization of Expatriates in Hoi An, Vietnam

Mia Hahn (2016); Mentor(s): Hung Thai

Abstract: Previously, expatriates were considered businesspeople who work abroad for their employer (Fechter, 2007). Financially incentivized by corporations to relocate, they are oftentimes presumed to lead luxurious lives detached from locals when they are relocated to developing countries. Over the past decade, globalization has expanded the expatriate identity to include individuals and families who move abroad without corporate transfers. Based on a 2 month ethnographic study in the Vietnamese coastal town of Hoi An, I examined the social history of expatriated families and individuals. The pecuniary benefits of living in a developing country still prevail as the dominant rationale for relocation as new categories of expats emerge: compensatory consumers, moral entrepreneurs, nomads, and interns. Although they lack the financial backing of traditional expats, their foreignness provides them access and security inaccessible to locals. This cross- sectional study on the lives of expatriates living in Hoi An explores the effects of globalization on postwar Vietnam.
Funding Provided by: Aubrey H. and Eileen J. Seed Student Research Fund

Student Past and Futures in Central Vietnam

Thomas Trieu (2016); Student Collaborator(s): Mia Hahn (2016); Mentor(s): Hung Thai

Abstract: In the shadow of the two major metropolises of Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi, there is a third major city in its early stages of development, Da Nang. In the greater Da Nang region lies another city, Hoi An, known for its large annual draw of tourists. Based in these two cites, my research examines the lives and futures of students in this area. As part of the advance of this region in the past decade, the tourism industry has also undergone major development. My research looks at how this aspect of life in the region interacts with students’ class status and prospects of mobility. While class status still seems to play a large role in younger peoples’ future, I find that select students in this environment pave paths of social mobility. Students use their ability to interact with foreign tourists in different ways to enhance their future economic prospects.
Funding Provided by: Aubrey H. and Eileen J. Seed Student Research Fund

Sex Worker Organizing as a Tool for Securing Rights and Reducing Violence Against Sex Workers

Hanna Love (2015); Mentor(s): Lynn Rapaport

Abstract: My SURP focuses on sex worker organizing in two major cities—Buenos Aires, Argentina and New York City. It employs in-depth, qualitative interviews with representatives from sex-worker and anti-human trafficking organizations to examine how sex worker organizing reduces stigma and improves working conditions for sex workers. It also reveals the ways in which anti- human trafficking discourse can criminalize sex work and reduce away the rights of those involved in the sector. Throughout ethnographic fieldwork with Argentina’s sex worker union, AMMAR, the need to draw distinctions between sex work and human trafficking became clear. Research with AMMAR revealed the ways in which the sex worker union uses radical labor organizing to contest normative notions of female sexuality, to reclaim male-dominated public space, and to create entirely sex worker-run spaces of solidarity and community. Research in New York focused on strategies for building community networks amongst sex workers in an environment where sex work is criminalized. It examines how different community organizations, although less organized and politically active than AMMAR, work to reduce violence against sex workers. It also stresses the potential these organizations have to collaborate and develop into nation-wide networks of solidarity designed to collectively improve the conditions of sex workers.
Funding Provided by: Aubrey H. and Eileen J. Seed Student Research Fund

The Inhumane Treatment of Incarcerated Women in the Zimbabwe Prison-Industrial Complex

Tyler Womack (2015); Mentor(s): Assata Zerai (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)

Abstract: This study aims to create greater awareness of the brutal conditions endured by imprisoned women in Zimbabwe. Since the colonial period, prison as the primary form of punishment has been mass-produced globally. As an institution it generally fails to rehabilitate prisoners and instead targets and completely isolates inmates of lower class populations from society. In Zimbabwe the industry is dominated by males, which leave incarcerated women doubly disadvantaged because prisons are not built to meet their gender specific sanitary and social needs. Through a multilevel content analysis of newspapers, Supreme Court cases, and Zimbabwe prison censuses, it is revealed that the causes of women’s incarceration are directly affected by the political and economic occurrences of the nation. From this, it is concluded that the concept and implementation of punishment in Zimbabwe must be reformed to address the real social conditions that lead women to crime.
Funding Provided by: Summer Research Opportunities Program (SROP) at University of Illinois at Urbana‑Champaign

2013

Creating Inclusive Schools for Immigrant Youth, Families, and Communities

Delilah Garcia (2014); Student Collaborator(s): Yesenia Garcia (2015); Mentor(s): Gilda Ochoa

Abstract: This project focuses on the Latino community and offers a variety of ways schools could create inclusive environments for immigrant youth, families, and communities. According to scholars Fry and Gonzalez (2008) 17 percent of Latino public school students are immigrants. In particular, 65,000 thousand undocumented students graduate yearly from U.S high schools (Oliverez, Chavez, Soriano, & Tierney, 2006). Despite these numbers, the topic of undocumented youth in the schooling system tends to be ignored. With help from the community, twelve in-depth interviews were conducted. Students, parents, and educators spoke about their experiences with undocumented and immigrant students. Most of the students focused on the importance of having financial support such as scholarships or grants to pursue higher education. A parent shared the economic barriers she faced as an immigrant and how such barriers made it difficult for her to be involved in her children’s education. Educators also focused on finding financial support for students and expressed their concerns about emotional and social factors involved in educating immigrant students. They emphasized the importance of finding ways to empower both immigrant students and parents, giving them a voice, and providing them with the tools to not give up on achieving a higher quality of life. Overall, having teachers and administrators who are invested in the financial, social, and emotional stability and empowerment of students and parents helps establish a more inclusive environment.
Funding Provided by: Paul K. Richter and Evelyn E. Cook Richter Memorial Fund (DG); Pomona College SURP (YG)

The Nigerian Beauty Pageant Industry

Gervais Marsh (2015); Mentor(s): Oluwakemi Balogun

Abstract: This project examined the Nigerian beauty industry and its links to the development of Nigerian nationalism. Nigerian beauty queens are first and foremost seen as role models in their communities and gain a celebrity status that provides them with the platform to address issues of concern and do social work during their reign. These women are the face of Nigeria, and for those who go onto a global stage through their participation in international contests, they represent the country’s progress and how Nigeria wishes to present herself to other global leaders. As Nigeria develops rapidly, these beauty queens play a key role in the presentation of Nigeria’s national image to the global society. The analysis is drawn from the dominant narratives presented in popular media outlets. Through open-ended coding of newspaper articles, I show how pageant organizers represent beauty contestants' sexuality as "pure." This ‘purity’ is linked to their ability to be recognized as suitable role models in Nigeria. Special attention was also paid to Nigeria’s attempt to host the Miss World pageant 2002 and the riots that ensued as a result of this event. The problems that arose from the staging of this pageant provide an example of Nigeria’s battle to maintain a ‘pure’ and positive image that reflects Nigerian cultural values and rejects Westernization while simultaneously finding her footing in the rapidly globalizing world.
Funding Provided by: Faucett Catalyst Fund

2012

Immigrant Spaces in Melbourne, Australia

Eli Kaplan (2013); Mentor(s): Colin Beck

Abstract: The most recent Census data in Australia reveals that over 25% of the population was born outside of the country. The goal of this project was to examine this broader demographic trend on a local level by analyzing how these population changes have impacted social and commercial spaces in two neighborhoods of Melbourne. I gathered data for this study through field observations conducted in the neighborhoods of Fitzroy and Footscray and by interviewing those associated with social services and cultural organizations in these communities. My research indicates that the presence of immigrant populations in these neighborhoods has taken on two different forms: visible immigrant space in Footscray and confined immigrant space in Fitzroy. Immigrant communities have a noticeable presence in Footscray’s commercial center and public spaces, which represent a social and cultural hub for immigrant populations residing throughout the metropolitan area. In Fitzroy, immigrant space exists almost solely within the confines of the Atherton Gardens Housing Estate, a high-rise public housing project occupied primarily by migrants and refugees. While commercial areas in Footscray play an important role for immigrants, in Fitzroy these spaces are not intended for nor utilized by the immigrant community.
Funding Provided by: Faucett Catalyst Fund

Refugee rights and human trafficking and Bangkok, Thailand

Kuniko Madden (2013); Additional Collaborator(s): Jessica Therkelsen*; Mentor(s): Colin Beck
*Asylum Access

Abstract: Considering the difficulties in locating both trafficking survivors and asylum-seekers in Thailand, anti-trafficking and refugee advocacy groups may have interests in collaborating to provide mutual clients with more resources. This study aims to survey refugee and anti-trafficking organizations in Bangkok, Thailand, to determine tentative directions for collaboration on resource sharing and capacity building. 10 interview subjects were selected for semi-structured interviews using snowball sampling. These interviewees represent non-government organizations located in Bangkok whose work relates to refugees and/or human trafficking. Organizations working with refugees and migrants reported much more hidden or illegal activity than anti-trafficking organizations, which hold more legitimacy in Thailand. Both types of organizations reported using informal networks to provide resources, such as shelter, to beneficiaries who they perceived Thai government programs could not best serve. Responses also suggest that rather than producing vulnerability to trafficking across the board, certain groups of refugees are at much greater risk of being trafficked through Thailand than others. This study concludes that the informal nature of many resource sites makes networking important, especially for refugee serving organizations, and that protocols to gather information on the relationship between refugees and trafficking would be helpful in directing policy.
Funding Provided by: Paul K. Richter and Evalyn E. Cook Richter Memorial Funds

A Past Still Present: An Exploration of Women's Reproductive Rights in the Puerto Rican Birth Control Movement

Karina Mendez (2013); Mentor(s): Gilda Ochoa

Abstract: Between 1925-1948 Puerto Rican women faced an unjust repossession of their reproductive rights as a result of the government’s efforts to minimize the poverty and underdevelopment that, according to the government, were caused by over population The government attempted to do this by encouraging, and in instances forcing, Puerto Rican women to get sterilized as a means of population control. This project served to give voice to the generations of women who have since been affected by the actions taken on the first generation of women living during the time of the immense population growth. My research took place in Puerto Rico and in Chicago, IL. I conducted in-depth interviews with eight Puerto Rican women and had informal conversations with over 10 women. Puerto Rican women of varying generations in order to answer the questions: If/How these women feel directly impacted by the forced sterilization of their ancestors? Why are so many Puerto Rican women today still undergoing sterilization while there are plenty other means of birth control that exist now? Although results varied, there was an overwhelming majority of women who saw no problem with the issue; they felt believed “that’s just the way it had/has to be.”
Funding Provided by: Faucett Catalyst Fund

A Dark History Revealed: An Investigation of the Organizations that Aid in Holocaust Education Across the Czech Republic

Zack Kraushar (2013); Mentor(s): Lynn Rapaport

Abstract: In a country where more than 87 percent of the Jewish and population was murdered, as part of the “Nazis Final Solution,” discussion of the Holocaust remained taboo in schools across the Czech Republic for more than 40 years. Only following the fall of the Soviet Union, did Holocaust education begin to find its way into textbooks and history lessons across the small Eastern European country. Even though there have been profound improvements over the past 23 years, the Czech Republic still struggles to find an effective universal educational methodology in approaching the topic. Through a series of in-depth interviews and participant observations, my research investigates how three organizations attempt to bridge the gap from past to present. The Jewish Museum of Prague, The Museum of Romani Culture and The Terezín Memorial, all struggle in various ways to educate the youth on a topic that is forever becoming more distant. By constantly updating their methods and tools, most importantly moving from traditional lecture based seminars to hands on workshops and exhibitions; these organizations have taken the first steps in enlightening a population of their dark past. However, as part of a relatively new educational system that has a plethora of problems, from a lack of funding to a scarcity of well-educated instructors, further improvements of Holocaust education will depend on reforming the Czech education system in general.
Funding Provided by: Berliner Holocaust Studies Fund