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Careers in Medicine

Pomona offers prehealth students on the premed track committee support for students interested in allopathic, osteopathic, podiatry, dental and veterinary medicine.

Allopathic Medicine (M.D.)

Allopathic physicians are medical doctors who diagnose and treat patients suffering from injury or disease.

Quick Facts: Physicians and Surgeons

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

Category Details

2018 Median Pay

This wage is equal to or greater than $208,000 per year or
$100.00 per hour.

Typical Entry-Level Education

  • Doctoral or Professional Degree;
  • MD-PhD Dual Degree;
  • MD-MPH Dual Degree.

What They Do

  • Diagnose and treat injuries and illnesses;
  • Prescribe medication and perform diagnostic tests;
  • Counsel patients on diet, hygiene and preventive healthcare.

Work Environment

Many work in physicians' offices. Others in hospitals,
academia, or for the government.

How To Become One

Read the Road to Becoming a Doctor

Medical Specialties

Explore various tracks

Professional Association

  • Association of American Medical Colleges
  • American Medical Association

How to Become an M.D.?

  • 4 Year Degree
  • Medical School
  • Residency Training
  • Licensure

Prerequisites

Entrance Exams

Medical College Admissions Test (MCAT)

Resources

Osteopathic (D.O.)

Doctors of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) have all the same functions of Allopathic (M.D.) Physicians; however, they take a more holistic approach to gain a deeper understanding of their patients’ lifestyles focusing on wellness, health promotion and disease prevention. 

Quick Facts: Physicians and Surgeons

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

Category Details

2018 Median Pay

Salaries ranging from $204,000  to $443,000 per year.

Typical Entry-Level Education

  • At least BA, many have Advanced Degrees;
  • Doctoral or Professional Degree.

What They Do

  • Same functions of Allopathic (MD) Physicians;
  • Trained to focus on the whole person's wellness through health promotion and disease prevention.

Work Environment

Often work in small private offices or clinics.  Increasingly, physicians practice in groups or healthcare organizations.

How To Become One

Premedical Student Checklist

Medical Specialties

Explore various tracks

Professional Association

  • American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine
  • American Osteopathic Association

What They Do

  • Same functions of Allopathic (MD) Physicians;
  • Trained to focus on the whole person's wellness through health promotion and disease prevention.

How to Become a Doctor?

  • 4 Year Degree
  • Medical School
  • Residency Training
  • Licensure

Prerequisites

Entrance Exams

Medical College Admissions Test (MCAT)

Resources

Podiatry (D.P.M.)

Podiatrists are Doctors of Podiatric Medicine (D.P.M.) who provide medical and surgical care for people with foot, ankle, and lower leg problems. Podiatrists diagnose illnesses, treat injuries, and perform surgery involving the lower extremities. DPM’s typically work flexible hours in a variety of settings such as hospitals and extended care facilities, the Department of Veteran Affairs, private or group practice and more.

Quick Facts: Podiatrist

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

Category Details

2018 Median Pay

$129,550 per year or $62.28 per hour.

Typical Entry-Level Education

Doctoral or professional degree.

What They Do

  • Podiatrists provide medical and surgical care for people with foot, ankle, and lower leg problems.
  • Diagnose illnesses, treat injuries, and perform surgery involving the lower extremities.

Work Environment

Most work in offices of podiatry. Some work in group practices and others in hospitals, outpatient care centers, or for the government.

How To Become One

  • Podiatrists must earn a Doctor of Podiatric Medicine (DPM) degree and complete a 3-year residency program.
  • Every state requires podiatrists to be licensed.

Medical Specialties

N/A

Professional Association

  • American Association of Colleges of Podiatric Medicine
  • American Podiatric Medical Association

Entrance Exams

  • Medical College Admissions Test (MCAT)

Resources

Dentistry (D.M.D. or D.D.S.)

Many pursue a dental career to help people maintain and improve the oral health of their patients. Oral healthcare professionals practice prevention, education, research, restoration, surgery and more. Dentist diagnose and treat patients relating to all parts of the mouth. Degree options for include Doctor of Dental Medicine (D.M.D.) and Doctor of Dental Surgery (D.D.S.).

We offer guidance throughout your college career and the committee services at the time of your application to dental schools.

Quick Facts: Dentist

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

Category Details

2018 Median Pay

$156,240 per year or $75.12 per hour.

Typical Entry-Level Education

Doctoral or professional degree.

Work Environment

Some have their own business. Others have partners in their practice or work as associate dentists for established dental practices.

Medical Specialties

Endodontics, Oral and maxillofacial surgery, Oral and maxillofacial radiology, Oral pathology, Orthodontics, Pediatric dentistry, Periodontics, Prosthodontics, Public health dentistry.

Professional Association

How to Become a Dentist?

  • Complete a Dental Program 
  • Licensed by State

Prerequisite Courses

  • Upper Level Biology
  • Anatomy & Physiology
  • Microbiology
  • Art (ex: Sculpture)
  • Humanities and Social Sciences

Entrance Exam

Dental Admission Test (DAT)

Gain Experience

Learn more ways to gain experience.

Resources

Veterinary  

Veterinarians examine their patients, diagnose, treat, and research medical conditions and diseases of pets, livestock, and other animals. They care for animals and work to protect public health. Depending on their specialty veterinarians typically work in private clinics, hospitals, laboratories, and other locales.

We offer guidance throughout your college career and the committee services at the time of your application to Veterinary schools.

Quick Facts: Vet

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

Category Details

2018 Median Pay

Salaries equal to $93,830 per year or $45.11 per hour.

Typical Entry-Level Education

Doctoral or Professional Degree.

What Do They Do

  • Diagnose, treat, and research medical conditions and diseases of pets, livestock, and other animals;
  • Care for the health of animals and work to protect public health.

Work Environment

Most work in private clinics and hospitals. Others work in settings such as laboratories, farms, classrooms, or zoos.

How To Become One

Medical Specialties

Recognized Veterinary Specialties

Professional Association

  • American Veterinary Medical Association
  • Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges

How to Become a Veterinarian?

  • 4 Year Degree
  • Receive a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine degree from an accredited veterinary college
  • State license

Prerequisites

  • Statistics
  • Upper Level Biology
  • Animal Physiology
  • Microbiology
  • Speech/Public Speaking
  • Nutrition
  • Behavioral or Social Sciences and Humanities

See Colleges and Specific Requirements

How to Get Experience

Resources

  • Workshop Webinars
    VMCAS offers live customers service Application Workshop Webinars.
  • AAVMC/VMCAS Newsletters​
    VetSchool Student Engagement System (VSES). Get monthly newsletters called "Pathway" from VMCAS Staff that's tailored to your academic status.
  • Fee Reimbursement Program
    VMCAS offers a fee reimbursement program. Qualified VMCAS applicants can submit requests to VMCAS to have the first designation (school) refunded by VMCAS.