Each summer, about 200 students perform dedicated, funded research. Below is a list of funded undergraduate research by anthropology students.
Agents and Agency: Surveillance Policy and Muslims in America
Lea Kayali ’19
Advisor(s): Joanne Nucho
NSA foreign intelligence, Obama’s Countering Violent Extremism initiative, and Trump’s proposed extreme vetting of immigrants have a common thread: the intense government surveillance of American Muslim communities. My summer research project explored the relationship between these communities and counter-terrorism policy that sanctions government surveillance. I focused in on activist groups and the language they use; as advocates often serve as messengers between communities and legislators. This research combined the dual methods of anthropological and policy analysis. While I read scholarly critiques and defense of surveillance policy, I simultaneously observed on the ground activism in American Muslim communities and interviewed advocates for policy reform.
In my findings, I give a comprehensive explanation of what national government surveillance policy is; looking particularly at the policy issues that my interlocutors frequently referenced. I also detail, through anecdotes and interviews, how activists advocate for reform in relation to the most targeted (Muslim and overlapping) communities. The findings of the report focus mainly on the variety of arguments that make up the terrain of surveillance policy discussions. I also unpack the major tensions within the movement for surveillance reform. It is my hope that this study will contribute to the body of research which considers the levels of agency of marginalized groups in American politics.
Funding Provided By: General SURP Fund
Female Muslim Immigrants in Barcelona: The Importance of Community Organizations in Facilitating the Social Integration
Paige Pepitone ’19
Advisor(s): Rita Bashaw
My summer research question looked at the specific types of services community organizations in Barcelona, Spain provide for female Muslim immigrants as they integrate themselves into Catalan, and, more broadly, Spanish society. As one of the most vulnerable immigrant populations, this project seeks to understand the specific needs these women demonstrate, and what types of projects these organizations realize to meet those particular needs. Personal testimonies from these women, interviews with community organization representatives, and my own work as a translator for one such organization, help construct a narrative that highlights the importance of community throughout the process of social adaptation. Social organizations help facilitate both political and cultural integration by providing resources that help these women navigate Spanish society. Above all, language proficiency appears to be critical in ensuring these women feel comfortable in public spaces and engaging with various institutions, such as schools, government offices, and hospitals. In general, the spaces provided by these community organizations helped to allow these women to develop self-confidence and be able to truly see themselves as Spanish citizens.
How do post-1979 Revolution Iranian migrants shape the spaces they occupy in London; and inversely, how does this environment influence these same migrants?
Marco Iovino ’19
Advisor(s): Arash Khazeni
The 1979 Islamic Revolution precipitated the famous Iranian Diaspora, pushing Iranians all over the world. Los Angelinos are familiar with the term “Irangeles” and the city’s famous Persian neighborhoods, but what has become of those who have settled elsewhere, for instance, in the metropolitan city of London? My research draws upon studies of architecture, archival documents and interviews to understand what influences Iranians have had upon London, how political decisions determined the settling process and how the city can now act as a point of refuge but also activism and free expression. I traveled around London, documenting Iranian-heavy neighborhoods and mapped their interrelation with surrounding communities and in historical contexts. I then interviewed community leaders and others to understand both collective and individual experiences. Finally, I turned to archival documents of the British Foreign Office in Iran as well as the Home Office to understand the political perception of Iranians in the UK as well visa-making decisions. This was further deepened by looking into the archives of the London Metropolitan Archives to view what policies existed in London in terms of grants and housing. What becomes clear is that although there is a smaller number of Iranians residing in London than there is in Los Angeles, there is certainly no decrease in the diversity of socioeconomic, religious, and ethnic backgrounds.
Funding Provided By: Clarence '62 P'91, Carolyn P'91 and Peter '91 Sasaki Fund for Student Research
The Role of Coalition Building in Advancing Urban Greenspace Equity in Los Angeles
Jordan Grimaldi ’20
Advisor(s): Joanne Nucho
Key to the health and wellbeing of urban residents, urban greenspaces (UGS) provide immense physical, environmental, social and psychological benefits. In a city infamous for urban sprawl and endless concrete, less than 30 percent of Angelenos have access to parks and the percentages for low-income communities of color are far lower. My project explored the role of coalition building in advancing UGS equity in Los Angeles. Over a period of eight weeks, I conducted semi-structured interviews with park visitors and experts in UGS inequity in L.A.
Interviews indicated that coalitions and partnerships form organically as a result of organizations, agencies, companies and other groups recognizing that UGS equity is a multifaceted issue. UGS equity requires the collaboration of many different groups who each bring unique lenses and constituents to the table in pursuit of a shared mission. Coalitions and partnerships were mutually beneficial relationships that allowed organizations to build organizational capacity, identify new funding sources, organize and engage larger audiences, and learn new strategies. Challenges to forming and maintaining coalitions and partnerships included lack of sustainable funding sources and difficulty navigating such a large range of interests and values despite common goals. Successful coalitions and partnerships were often cross-sectoral, involving a mix of elected officials, nonprofit organizations, government agencies, and private companies.
Funding Provided By: Schulz Fund for Environmental Studies